CERTO is using six case study areas spread across European coastal waters to provide a range of transitional environments to ensure a full range of Optical Water Types and associated algorithms are fully characterised and validated.
These six areas are spread all across Europe and provide contrasting environments to study, ranging from the large watersheds of the Elbe, Curonian and Tagus to the smaller catchments of the Tamar, Venice and Razelm-Sinoe. Four of the upstream regions cross geopolitical boundaries, which has complex implications for management of these areas.
In situ sampling was limited during the first year of the project due to COVID constraints, therefore early work focused on utilising existing data combined with satellite observations. Fortunately it has been possible to undertake fieldwork during 2021 in all areas and further fieldwork campaigns are planned for 2022. Follow the links in the table below for reports from the sampling campaigns.